The Basilique Notre-Dame de la Garde is located on the highest point of Marseille, which makes it a perfect viewing point of the city at a height of 149 meters. It is often regarded to be the guardian of Marseille.
The basilica was built by Henri-Jacques Espérandieu and was completed in 1864 after over a hundred years of construction. It was construction on the foundations of a fort, and a part of it can be seen.
The Basilica shows evidence of damage, mostly caused by bullets fired during the Liberation of France. There are signs pointing to the places where the damage is and it is quite interesting to see.
To reach the cathedral, one must hike up the mountain or take a tourist train that will also show you around other parts of Marseille. Up until 1892, there was a funicular to the basilica.