The monastic movement in the Holy Land
Come visit 7 of the most mysterious and exquisite hideouts of the monastic movement in the Holy Land.
Judean desert monasteries were built in the 4th CE and reached a peak of action in the 6th CE, a period in which there were hundreds of monks in monasteries founded by Chariton and 600 monks in the monastery founded by Theodosius, compared to individual monks living in these monasteries during construction.
The first monastery in the Holy Land was established near Gaza around 330 CE by Hilarion, a disciple of Saint Anthony.
Chariton, born in Bakoniom Turkey, made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and established monasteries in the Judean Desert that developed a new way of life at the time, a combination of isolation, Laura, in everyday life with collaborative activities over the weekend. At its peak, there were 60 monasteries in the Judean Desert while other monasteries were established in all the land of Israel. Monks came to the Holy Land from other countries, including Chariton and Gerasimos from Asia Minor, Euthymius from Great Armenia and Jerome from Illyria.
Faran or Chariton Monastery was the first Christian monastery founded in the Judean desert around 330 CE. The monastery was built in Wadi Qelt, near Ein Fara, by the monk Chariton, considered to be the founder of monasticism in the Judean Desert. The monastery was destroyed in 614 CE by the Persians but was renovated in the late 19th century by the Russian Orthodox Church. Inside remains of a Byzantine monastery can be seen. The monastery is in the (Israeli) Euphrates River Nature Reserve and is open to visitors by appointment.
Cyril of Scythopolis, who wrote biographies of influential monks in the Judean Desert chose an anonymous monk to write about the “The life of Chariton” – a biography of the founder of the first monasteries in the Judean Desert. This is the sole source of the life and work of Chariton, written in the sixth century, two centuries after the death of Chariton, with the clear intention to perpetuate the name of the first monks of the Judean Desert.
Guided Tour only.