Chauchilla Cemetery is a Nazcan cemetery located 30 kilometeres (19 miles) south of the city of Nazca, close to the lines and the Cahuachi Pyramids. The site contains intact mummies and archeological artifacts that reflect the way the Nazca people lived over a period of 700 years.
The mummified bodies and artifacts contained in the cemetery today remain intact; however, most have been ransacked by grave robbers as well as several other cemeteries in the area. Many artifacts and bones have been found scattered around the area and restored to the necropolis. Since 1997, it became a government protected area to avoid further robberies and it is guarded day and night.
In ancient Peru, life after dead was believed in and that is why they mummified the dead. The process involved dehydrating the bodies by exposing them to the sun in the desert, after that, the bodies were burned to extract any liquid left in the body. At last, organs such as the heart, the liver and kidneys were extracted. The last step was to clothe and paint the bodies and burry them in of of the tombs that belonged to their family, ready to be born again.
The necropolis is set outdoors, the tombs are made of mud-bricks and the mummies and artifacts are located in square-shaped holes under the ground.