It was founded in the first half of the 15th century when the Jewish quarter was created. The earliest headstone dates back to 1439; the last burial took place on 1787. Although the cemetery was expanded several times over the centuries, it was still not big enough to meet the needs of the Jewish Town. As space was limited, bodies were buried on top of each other, with graves layered up to 10 deep. There are about 12, 000 headstones on top of about 95 000- 100 000, number is not yet exact. Some of the headstones are decorated with a animal and plant motifs.