As the excavations in the Francis Mine began, miners had a lot of problems with water. Water was always pouring in the mines they were working in and they needed to come up with a solution to keep the water out.
A Pumping system was created and used for more than 350 years. The main part of the pumping system was the pump, called “Kamšt”, which is actually just a wooden wheel that you can still see today. It is the biggest preserved wooden water wheel of this type in Europe, with a diameter of 13.6 m.
Kamšt was one of the most modern and technically improved pumps in the late 18th century. The still preserved Rake Canal is used to bring water to the town’s hydropower plant.
Kamšt building is a great starting point to the Idrija Landscape Park. Follow the Rake canal from Kamšt into the green part of Idrija and meet the natural diversity in one of the most unique Slovenian parks, which is also part of Geopark Idrija.
Idrijska Kamšt is located a bit further out the city centre, but not more than 0.5 kilometres from the Mestni trg square. It can be reached by a walk or ride along Vodnikova street, which will bring you straight to the parking place above the ‘Kamšt’ building.