Nazareth: Also known as “the Arab capital of Israel”. Most of the inhabitants are Muslims (70%) and the rest are Christian (30%).
The city, as described in the New Testament, was the childhood home of Yeshua, hence abundant of religious shrines to commemorate biblical events were built there, making it one of the main pilgrim sites in the Holy Land.
Nazareth is described as ‘a city of Galilee’ and home of Mary (Luke 1:26-31) as well as the site of the Annunciation (where the angel Gabriel informed her that she would give birth to Yeshua).
Around the 6th century, local Christians founded the Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation at the site of a freshwater spring, today known as Mary’s Well.
The church was destroyed by the Parthians in the year 614 when they invaded and occupied the Holy Land.
In 1099, during the 1st Crusade, Tancred captured Galilee and established his capital in Nazareth.
In 1263, Baybars, the Mamluk Warlord, demolished all the Christian buildings in Nazareth.
Dhaher al–Omar allowed the Franciscans to build a church on the ruins of the Crusader Church in 1730. That structure stood until 1955 when it was demolished to make way for a larger building completed in 1967.
The main attractions in Nazareth are:
Bt Bus, Taxi or guided Tour.