The Palace of Culture is an edifice located in Iasi, Northeastern Romania. The building served as Administrative Palace and then Palace of Justice until 1955, when its destination was changed again, being assigned to the four museums nowadays united under the name of Moldova National Museum Complex. The Palace of Culture is listed in the National Register of Historic Monuments.
The construction, started in 1906, was partly built on the old ruins of the medieval Royal Court of Moldavia (1434), and partly on top of the foundations of the former neoclassical style palace, dated to the time of Prince Alexandru Moruzi (1806), rebuilt by Prince Mihail Sturdza and dismantled in 1904. It was from this latter building that the Palace inherited the legend of the 365 rooms, as many as the days within one year.
The Romanian architect I.D. Berindei designed the building in flamboyant neo-Gothic style. The monument was inaugurated on 11 October 1925 by King Ferdinand of Romania.
Moldova National Museum Complex of Iași hosts four museums located in the Palace of Culture:
1. The Art Museum has the largest art collection in Romania, with more than 8,000 paintings, out of which 1,000 belong to the national and universal patrimony. The gallery contains works by artists such as Caravaggio, Paolo Veronese, Pietro Liberi, Carlo Dolci, Salvator Rosa, Francesco Solimena, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Anthony van Dyck, Jan Both, Bartholomeus van der Helst, Egbert van Heemskerk II, Nicolas Poussin, Philippe de Champaigne, Eustache Le Sueur, Guillaume Coustou, François Boucher, and many others.
2. The Ethnographic Museum of Moldavia owns more than 11,000 objects depicting the Romanian advance through the ages.
3. The Moldavia’s History Museum offers more than 35,000 objects from various fields: archaeology, numismatics, decorative art, ancient books, documents, etc. One of the oldest items, a 70,000-year-old mammoth skull, is from the Middle Palaeolithic Era. Among other items of significance are pottery from the Cucuteni culture, Dacian, Sarmatian, Gothic, and Roman artifacts, and armory and other items of the Middle Ages.
4. Ştefan Procopiu Science and Technology Museum is home to “Energetics, “Sound Recording and Playback” (unique within Romania), “Telecommunications”, “Mineralogy-Cristalography”, “Computers” sections as well as “Poni-Cernătescu” Memorial Museum.
Besides the four museums, The Palace of Culture presents some other attraction points:
Decoratively, the central hall shows a figurative mosaic including various representations of a gothic bestiary, concentrically arranged: two-headed eagles, dragons, griffons, lions. The hall is superposed by a glass ceiling room, where initially a greenhouse was arranged.
There is an airport in the town, the Iasi International Airport. Then you have to drive to the palace.