Palacio de Bellas Artes (Palace of Fine Arts) is one of the most iconic landmarks in Mexico City as well as the most important theatre and cultural center in the country. The palace is located inside a gorgeous park right across from another important building that now serves as a restaurant called Casa de los Azulejos. It makes up the landscape of the gorgeous historical center of Mexico City and is a must for every visitor to this cosmopolitan city.
Originally, it was called the New National Theatre and its construction began in the year 1904 under the instructions of Adamo Boari, an Italian architect. However, the efforts to finish it remained delayed due to the Mexican Revolution, a civil war that took place in 1910 and the country’s poor economic situation. The building’s facade was completed by 1916, but its construction was abandoned for two decades despite the government’s effort to conclude it. Palacio de Bellas Artes was finally finished on March 10th, 1934.
The dominant styles of the palace are Art Nouveau and Art Deco and its facade is made of Carrara marble as well as some of the interior. The facade is decorated by several sculptures and the surrounding of the palace is the home to gorgeous statues depicting four Pegasus.
The inside of the palace is divided into three floors: The first one is full of murals by Rufino Tamayo and halls that host music and literature events. The second floor also has halls used for exhibitions and murals by several Mexican artists including the infamous Diego Rivera. The third floor is home to the Museum of Architecture.
Despite the obvious European heritage this building holds, it remains its own with Mexican motifs (especially pre-Hispanic) such as serpent heads and Mayan masks decorating it.
Today, the palace is used to hold events and exhibitions and has hosted important figures both from Mexico and from abroad. Two groups in particular perform at the palace regularly, the Folkloric Ballet of México, which performs at the palace twice a week followed by a show that involves Aztec dances and typical dances from different states in Mexico, and the National Symphonic Orchestra.
Please check out the palaces’s official website for details on future events.
Metro: Bellas Artes