The Pantheon in Rome is a very popular tourist attraction and the most preserved and influential building remaining from ancient Rome. Located at Circus Flaminius on Piazza della Rotonda, its name is derived from the ancient Greek language and means “of, relating to, or common to all the gods”.
The Pantheon was built between AD 118 and 125 and was commissioned by Marcus Aggripa during the reign of Augustus and later rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian.
The original use of the Pantheon is somewhat unknown, except that is was classified as a temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. According to a Roman legend, Rumulus, the founder of Rome was seized here by an eagle and taken to the sky with the Gods after his death.
There is an inscription in Latin on the front temple that reads: “M. AGRIPPA.L.F.COSTERTIUM.FECIT”, which means “Marcus Agrippa son of Lucius, having been consul three times, made it”.
By underground, the nearest stop is Barberini (line A), about 700 meters away from the Pantheon