Petrovaradin Fortress, also known as the Gibraltar of the Danube, is located on the right bank of the Danube nearby the city of Novi Sad. It was built in the period from 1692 to 1780, after the project of Marquis Sebastian Vauban.
The fortress occupies the cliff above the Danube river and has a dominant geographical and strategic position in the region. Therefore, it was attractive for many nations through the centuries. In the area of the fortress there are traces of settlements since the early Stone Age, and later it was in possession of the Celts, Romans, Huns, Avars, Byzantines, Hungarians, Serbs and Turks. In 1687 the Austrians conquered Petrovaradin from the Turkish army and five years later began the construction of the new fortress, which today is one of the landmarks of the city Novi Sad.
Within the Fortress were built barracks, well with the water supply system, gunpowder storage, bastions and tower with a large clock. The buildings that were constructed during this period are the most recognizable tourist attractions of the fortress.
The tower with a large clock on the bastion Ludwig, is certainly one of the most popular tourist attraction of the Petrovaradin Fortress and the symbol of the city Novi Sad.
From 1768 to 1776, the underground was constructed, with underground passages, galleries and corridors. The length of these underground passages is over 16 km.
Today, the fortress is one of the best achievements of European military architecture of the 18th century. It is very well preserved and it is the second largest fortress in Europe.
Extremely successful in its defensive role played in the past, Petrovaradin Fortress is today a cultural and historical monument of great importance and tourist attraction.
The fortress hosts the biggest music festival in this part of Europe – EXIT.