Puka Pukara, “red fortress” in Quechua is situated in the Cusco region in Peru, 7 kilometers away from the city of Cusco. It served as a military base made of large walls, terraces and staircases for the Inca Empire. Today, only its ruins are left .
Not much is known about Puka Pukara but it is hypothesized to have been built during the Pachacutec (the ninth ruler) reign. Its location overlooks many important spots of the valley, making it a strategic spot. A theory also states that it was a place of rest for hunters and travelers.