Sde Boker: is a kibbutz that was established on 15 May 1952 by Jewish American immigrants. Just west of the Kibbutz, there are ruins of a small village that existed there in the early Islamic period to the early 9th C CE. Remains of dozens of structures exist, including a mosque with hundreds of Arabic inscriptions around.
In 1953 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigned from office and moved to the kibbutz until his death in 1973. He is buried nearby at Ben-Gurion College beside his wife Paula. The burial site is a beautiful vista overlooking the Tzin, Ein Avdat canyon. Ben-Gurion moved to the kibbutz due to his vision of cultivating the arid Negev desert. He believed that eventually, the Negev would be home to many Jews who would move to Israel. A museum dedicated to David Ben Gurion is at the kibbutz.
By bus, taxi or guided tour.