The Cardo: From 132-135 CEa Jewish rebellion against Roman occupation was led by Bar Kochba and crushed by Emperor Hadrian in 135 CE. Jerusalem was destroyed and erased to the ground. Hadrian built a Roman colony in its place, naming it Aelia Capitolina, after the Roman gods Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, who were worshiped at the Capitoline Hill temple in Rome. He also renamed the country “Provincia Palestina I/O the former Provincia Judea”. Like many other Roman colonies in Asia, Aelia Capitolina was designed with a plan of narrow streets and wide avenues. The main North to South street was the Cardo Maximus, originally a paved avenue of approximately 22 meters wide running southward from Damascus gate and terminating approximately East of the Golgotha. The southern addition to the Cardo, constructed under Justinian in the 6th C. CE, extended the road further south to connect the Holy Sepulcher to the newly built Zion Gate.