The ‘Serra de Tramuntana’ (Tramuntana montain range) covers the west and north part of Majorca with an area of 1067 square kilometers and stretches over 90 kilometers. The highest mountain is the Puig Major, which ascends to a height of 1445 meter. In the shadow of this mountain you will find the two water reservoirs Cúber and Gorg Blau. The whole areas is made accessible through numerous roads and hiking trails, nevertheless, the mountain range is still undiscovered by mass tourism. In 2011 the Serra de Tramuntana was declared a Unesco world heritage site.
The Serra de Tramuntana is a much loved hiking and biking area amongst nature tourists and locals alike. The mountain range captivates you with its unspoiled and wild nature, its spectacular and beautiful landscape and a countryside still covered with original and domestic vegetation. Wide areas of the mountains are still free of constructions and show the untouched, pure environment. Furthermore, the Serra de Tramuntana is loved for the mix of human and natural impact, showing an extraordinary diversity of culture, traditions, aesthetics, spirituality and identity.
There are different ways to discover and explore the beauty of the Tramuntana mountains. Maybe the easiest and least tedious one, but still spectacular, is a train ride with the old wooden train connecting Palma de Mallorca and Sóller. The train ride goes directly through the mountains and you will have awesome views while sitting comfortably inside the old wagons. Another way to explore the mountains is to get your hiking boots on and get out on the many trails. It takes some body strength but you cannot get any closer to this unspoiled and untouched flora and fauna than by food. The hiking trails are well described and signed.
A famous route is the long distance trail GR-221 which can be divided into four stages between Deià to Pollença. Most other hiking trails also cross the trail GR-221 at some point, thus creating a wide net of possibilities. Mountain huts for a night over – which can be rented at the Consell de Mallorca -, recreational areas and information about the region, the flora and fauna as well as about the cultural traditions can be found along the routes. You will mainly hike through oak forest, mountain pine, oleaster and Aleppo pine. Only at higher altitudes the vegetation gets less, being only scrubs and brushwood. Walking through the mountains, you may be lucky enough to spot some osprey or black vulture. The region is also famous for the Majorcan midwife toad.
The Tramuntana mountains are also known as being a inspirational place for many artists and authors. If you planning on exploring the Tramuntana mountains by car, the ‘Literature Route’ is one option. You can explore the mountain village Valldemossa with the monasery where the author George Sand and the composer Fredrik Chopin spend a winter in 1838-39. Afterwards, you go on to the cloister Miramar, where the monk Ramon Llull used to live. In Deià you can visit the former residence of the Austrian archduke Ludwig Salvator at Son Marroig and explore Deià, the village of many international artists like Robert Graves. Last stop is Pollença and Formentor, where important literature prizes used to be celebrated. Other main attractions are the Lluc monastery, the Torrente de Pareis, Sa Calobra and Cala Tuent.