Via Dolorosa: We shall walk along the 14 Stations of the Cross from Pilate’s Judgment Hall to the empty tomb at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. The Via Dolorosa (“Way of the Cross” on in Latin: “Way of Grief,” “Way of Sorrows,” “Way of Suffering” or simply “Painful Way”) is the route that Yeshua followed, from his trial and conviction by the Romans to the place where he was crucified and buried after his death. The route begins not far from the Lion’s Gate and ends inside the Holy Sepulcher, in the Christian Quarter. This route is marked by 14 Stations. “And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Yeshua. And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. But Yeshua turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children” (Luke, 23, 26-28).
The name “Via Dolorosa” is a relatively recent name dating from the 16th C CE, describing the path between the fortress Antonia and the Golgotha (then outside the city walls), along which Yeshua walked bent dragging the heavy burden of the Cross. The present existing route, however, is probably different from the one that Yeshua actually walked.