Famous Croatian Caves

1. Baraćeve Špilje

 

Baraćeve špilje is located about 6 km east of Rakovica (Central Croatia). There are three caves at one place and the main entrances are in the north. Come here to get to know the way the water has created this unique Croatian pearl of an underground. While walking through its famous halls which conceal a part of a distant past, experience the beauty of an absolute darkness. Take a look at those stalactites and stalagmites and admire their features and uniqueness.

 

2. Feštinsko Kraljevstvo

 

Feštinsko Kraljevstvo is the most famous cave in the west part of the Croatia, Istria. It’s located in the heart of Istria, near the village of Feština. This cave definitely stands out with its natural beauty. While entering the cave, at first you can hear a harmonious sound of droplets that have created a wonderful underground jewelry, for years. In order to be accessible to the visitors, there are many secured walking trails and safe paths of a length of one hundred meters. The cave is also abundant with beautiful iced forms, among which you can easily recognize ‘the wizard’s hat’, ‘the tower of Babel’ and others. By visiting this ‘kingdom’, besides the underground beauty, you can enjoy an idyllic landscape enriched with other tourist facilities such as a children’s park, a mini farm, bar and a souvenir shop.

 

3. Špilja Lokvarka

 

Špilja Lokvarka is at present one of the largest caves in Croatia which is open for tourists. With expert guided tours visitors can enter four halls, while the rest aren’t fully explored, but they do present a real challenge for speleologists and others looking for new discoveries. The cave was revealed in 1912. After the electrification was set-up and as the iron stairs were installed, Špilja Lokvarka became an increasingly important tourist attraction in this part of the country. Due to its exceptional beauty, diversity and various cave decorations, it has been proclaimed a natural monument.

 

4. Špilja Vrelo

 

The cave is located by the road along Bajer lake in Gorski Kotar. Its age is estimated at 3.5 – 4 million years. The total length of all the canals and halls is 300 meters. An expert tour guide takes about half an hour. At the end of the cave there is a water spring, so in rainy periods the cave is abundant with water. Enriched with stalactites and stalagmites, this is a truly unique and attractive place worth a visit. The entire cave is illuminated by glowing worms which give a special magical touch.
Due to its flat trails, the cave is suitable for all the visitors.

 

5. Špilja Vindija

 

Špilja Vindija is a famous Croatian cave located near the city of Varaždin. What makes this cave so special is a fact that this was a home to the numerous Neanderthals 30,000 years ago. In 1974 one of the best remains of Neanderthals in the whole wide world were found right here. Because of this, these remains are selected to be the main source of DNA for the Neanderthal genome project. The cave is around 10 meters high, 30 meters wide and around 50 meters long.
Špilja Vindija is open for public. Special manifestations presenting the way our ancestors used to live are held here.

 

6. Hajdova Hiža

 

Hajdova hiža is the largest cave in Gorski Kotar, located near Delnice. Due to its difficult access, it is only accessible to speleologists.  The spacious entrance to the cave is located on the steep cliffs of Belica peak. The entrance hall, 85 meters long, 27 meters wide and about 16 meters high, is the largest underground space that is discovered in the Croatian karst. Still, there are more than 900 meters of an undiscovered gap between the canals. Despite its difficult access, entering the cave is possible for tourists with a professional guide only.

 

7. Modra Špilja

 

Biševo island is located on the opposite side of the island of Vis. Except for facts that there you can find the most delicious wine of this part of the country and enjoy on beautiful sand beaches, Biševo is best known for its cave Modra Špilja which is located on the east side of the island. Modra špilja is one of the most beautiful natural phenomena in the world. The cave was open for public in 1884 when the outer entrance was broken. This outer opening is used today as an entrance for tourists’ boats.

 

The other opening on the south side of the cave is below the sea level. This way, the sunlight penetrates inside and creates a distinctive blue color, while the other objects in the sea get a silver reflection. This is definitely the most popular Croatian cave.

 

8. Kraljičina Špilja (Teutina Špilja)

 

Kraljičina Špilja is located on the northern coast of the island of Vis, on a perpendicular cliff about 70 meters above the sea level. The whole entrance is more than 2 meters high, and around 3 meters wide. The cave consists of 5 galleries which are connected by canals. Some of the cave canals are not even explored, but the parts that are open for the public are definitely worth seeing. Archaeological remains from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age are also found here. According to the legend, the cave was named after an Illyrian queen, Teuta.

 

9. Zelena Špilja (The Green Cave)

 

On the southwestern coast of the islet Ravnik, not far from the island of Vis, there is an untouched natural attraction, Zelena Špilja. At the dome of the cave, there is a tiny hole through which sun rays penetrate for days, creating a wonderfully green color on its surface, as its name suggests. In the cave, you can sail by boat or you can simply swim. Any way you enter this cave, be sure to enjoy its luxurious beauty with the unusual play of light and the sea. There is a free entrance, so when you find yourself nearby, do not miss such a unique natural attraction.

 

10. Špilja Biserujka

 

Špilja Biserujka is located on the island of Krk, around 300 meters from the village of Rudine. The cave is open for tourists and is enriched by a wealth of cave decorations like stalactites and stalagmites. By speleological classifications, it’s all about a simple cave with a pot hole entrance and sloping cave channels. The cave consists of several galleries and all are accessible. Špilja Biserujka is also known as a Vitezićeva Špilja. The lowest part of the cave is at -13 meters and its bottom is approximately 30 meters above the sea level.
There are 6 steno-endemic species living in the cave. An unknown species of lizard were also found here. Because of that, this cave is included into the National Ecological Network.

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