Most famed for its iconic landmark, the Taj Mahal, Agra is a small yet one of the most important cities in the city of Uttar Pradesh in North India. It is approximately 218 km from the capital of India, New Delhi, and is best accessed via Yamuna Expressway which runs between New Delhi and Agra, making the commuting between the two cities really convenient and fast.
Contrary to popular belief, the Taj Mahal is not the only attraction in the city but it is just a part of a bigger chunk of attractions which are close to one another. The city of Agra was ruled by the Mughal Empire for a very long period during which most of its historical monuments were erected. No wonder these monuments speak of Mughal architecture and designs!
Sultan Sikander Lodi had established his capital here in 1501 before it was taken over by the Mughals in 1526 when Emperor Babur defeated the last Sultan and gained power over the whole area. The city reached its architectural magnificence between the mid-16th and mid-17th centuries. It was during this period that the Agra Fort and other historical monuments were constructed in the city, including the world famous Taj Mahal.
It wasn’t until 1638 that Emperor Shah Jahan built the new city of Delhi and his son Emperor Aurangzeb moved his capital here 10 years later.
After this brief history lesson, let us now explore the main attractions of the city.
There is a domestic airport in Agra, however, New Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport is your safest bet. IGI airport is well-connected to the rest of the country and the world. Delhi also has major bus connectivity to Agra and after the construction of the new Yamuna Expressway, you can make a day trip to the city easily if you are short on time. If you plan to arrive at Agra by train, there are two railway stations - Agra Fort station and Agra Cantonment station. Most trains such as from Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Varanasi and Delhi connect to Agra Cantonment but the ones from Jaipur and Gorakhpur connect to Agra Fort. There is bus connectivity from Gwalior, Jaipur, Jhansi, Khajuraho, Bharatpur, and of course Delhi.