Amritsar, founded in 1577 by the fourth guru of Sikhs, Ram Das, is a city in the state of Punjab in North India, around 465 m from the capital city of India. The city is most famous as the home to the magnificent Golden Temple and also as a witness to the brutal Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
The city is divided in two parts with a railway track dissecting them. Old City is home to the famous Golden Temple and other historical sites and is fenced by 12 barbaric posterns, and lies to the south of the tracks. The ‘old city’ is the epicentre of all major tourist activities. Also, it is here that you will find the bright and bustling bazaars of Amritsar and popular food joints.
The north of the railway lines is known as the ‘modern’ Amritsar which is a more commercial area with malls and upmarket hotels and restaurants. This also makes the area and roads congested as compared to the ‘old city’ and thus isn’t that popular amongst tourists.
Let’s now explore some of the most popular tourist attractions of the city:
Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport or Amritsar airport lies 11 km northwest of the centre and serves domestic as well as international flights. Cities like New Delhi and Mumbai ae connected to this airport.
Regular trains from New Delhi, Varanasi, Kolkata and other nearby cities arrive at Amritsar Junction.
Amritsar is connected to many parts of North India via the bus network. Some of the popular cities that have bus services to and from Amritsar include New Delhi, Chandigarh, Jammu, Jaipur, Chamba, Dharamshala, Manali, Pathankot, and Patiala.