Lepenski Vir is a prehistoric archaeological site located in the nature reserve of the Djerdap National Park; it is one of the largest and most significant Mesolithic and Neolithic archaeological sites in the world. The intensive archaeological research of the Djerdap Gorge area, carried out between 1965 and 1970, revealed several prehistoric settlements, but only settlement of Lepenski vir is characterized with such unique findings and continuous existence through the centuries. During the excavations, seven phases of the settlement and 136 buildings were revealed. They were built 9,000 years ago.
Discovery of systematically built settlements – sanctuaries, tools made of bones, horn and stone, jewelry, signs carved into items made of bones and stone, and monumental sculptures made of sandstone – have changed the scientific picture about the Neolithic Period of Europe.
The unique urbanism and architecture of the culture of Lepenski Vir are recognized by the characteristic building foundations – of houses or sanctuaries, and by the stone sculptures, the oldest monumental stone plastic in Europe. The sculptures represented gods of the inhabitants of Lepenski Vir, some kind of stone idols, which were shown as the entire human figure or only as the piscine shaped head.