The Wat Phra Kaew or the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, officially known as Wat Phra Si Rattana Satsadaram, is regarded as the most sanctified Buddhist temples in Thailand. It is a “potent religio-political symbol and the palladium of Thai society”. It is also situated in Phra Nakhon District, the historic center of Bangkok, within the precincts of the Grand Palace.
The main building is the central Phra Ubosot, which holds the figurine of the Emerald Buddha. The mythological history of this Buddha statue is traced to India, five centuries after Gautama Buddha accomplished Nirvana, until it was finally preserved in Bangkok at the Wat Phra Kaew temple in 1782 during the reign of Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King Rama I. This marked the commencement of the Chakri Dynasty of Thailand.