George V., the Emperor of India, laid the foundation stone of New Delhi during the Delhi Durbar in 1911. Before 1911, Kolkata served as the capital of India. New Delhi was declared as the capital of India on 13th February 1931 when it was inaugurated by India’s Viceroy Lord Irwin. However, even before that, Delhi was the most significant hub of Mughals who ruled over the country before the British ruled them out in 1857.
Under the reign of the Mughals, the city saw magnificent architectural changes and upliftments. Monuments were built, gardens were constructed, and the city was a fine example of Mughal Architecture’s grandeur and intricacy. Like British is to Kolkata, Mughals are to Delhi. Brilliants displays of Persian and Mughal architecture can be seen in many important monuments within the city, one of which is undoubtedly the Qutab Minar. Though most of these sites can be found in Old Delhi or Central Delhi, some of these edifices and complexes can be found scattered elsewhere in the city as well.
Though some of those monuments were destroyed during the British Rule and some deteriorated over the centuries, New Delhi still happens to be the home of many notable and significant historical monuments of India which are not only cultural landmarks of the country but also part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Find below a list of 5 of the most important and oldest monuments of Delhi:
Hope you like the mini-guide of some of the best historical sights of New Delhi.
Updated: April 14, 2015