Hungary is a truly beautiful land with a rich history. A lot of the happenings could be highlighted as very important ones in the becoming of this country, but we are going to list only 10 of them because if we listed all of them, this post would turn into a history book. So, without further ado, we are presenting to you Hungary’s history in 10 points!
1. The Covenant of Blood
It sounds serious and believe us, it was REALLY serious. Grand Prince Árpád was the person who unified the 7 Magyar tribes with this Covenant. Long story short, there were 7 Magyar tribes in the beginning, and each had their own leader. Somehow Árpád managed to unify them and that’s the story of how the Hungarian nation came to be.
2. The Carpathian Basin
The story of the Hungarian nation continues in the Carpathian Basin. The Carpathian Basin is actually featured in all the stories about the Hungarian people, there’s even a painting about Árpád entering the Basin with his people. It was a really important moment in history because, from this moment when the Hungarians entered these parts, it sort of became their home. If you want to check out this painting (which was painted by Arpad Feszty) you can check it out in the Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park. Eventually, a Hungarian state was formed on these parts. This nation became one of the most powerful ones of that time.
3. Age of Kings
The Hungarian nation entered the Age of Kings when they got their first crowned leader, King Stephen I of Hungary. He was the one who introduced the Nation to Christianity. He accomplished many things throughout his years as a king, and today he’s known as Saint Stephen, the first King of Hungary. Many kings followed after him, and almost all of them achieved something memorable.
4. The Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire took over the Kingdom of Hungary and they ruled over it between 1541 and 1699. You have to understand the fact that the Empire didn’t attack only the Kingdom. It attacked other parts of the lands we today call Europe. They were trying to expand their territory. The Ottoman Empire was a solid and big force back then, so getting rid of them was a bit complicated, but it eventually happened.
5. The Habsburg Monarchy
The Habsburg Monarchy was the force which in the end fought off the Ottoman Empire. They were present in the Kingdom of Hungary for a long time, they were fighting the Ottomans together and when the Ottoman Empire eventually left the lands of the Hungarian nation, the Habsburg Monarchy took over. The Hungarian nation tried to fight their new rulers, but it didn’t end successfully, the Habsburg Monarchy remained their leader and they became even stronger.
6. The Revolution
Now we’ll take a huge leap in history (circa a 100 years) and we’ll land exactly in 1848. The year when everything changed. The younger generation decided to raise their voice, they had enough of the Monarchy, they wanted Hungary to become an Independent State, which eventually happened. 25 years later, when Pest, Buda, and Óbuda were joined, Hungary got a “new” city, Budapest.
7. World War I
In World War I, Hungary joined forces with Austria and Germany. They lost a lot of soldiers, and when the war ended, as a punishment they were forced to alter their borders, and they lost a lot of their territory. They had to willingly give away their land and people to their neighbors, simply as a punishment.
8. World War II
Hungary entered a war which wasn’t entirely theirs but their reasoning was fair. Germany and Italy promised to help them get back the territories they lost during World War I. Since they were, once more on the wrong side, I don’t have to highlight the fact that they lost this war, too. This time they didn’t get such a significant punishment, but their country was, of course, in ruins.
9. The Aftermath of the Wars
After these wars, Hungary stumbled upon a rocky road. They had to go through the communist era, there were huge oppressions by the leaders, and the people had to endure all kinds of controls and a lot of other things. These years were pretty bad for this country. Once again, the younger people were the ones who raised their voices against the corrupt regime, but this revolution ended in blood. Soviet tanks entered the Parliament Square and opened fire. Some say that 12 people died that day, but that information can’t be exactly confirmed. The masses were shocked, but the fight didn’t end. They orchestrated an uprising where many more died. Finally, in 1989 the communists realized that this can’t go on and the communist country ceased to exist. It finally became the Hungarian Republic.
Today the country’s official name is simply Hungary. It really evolved into something powerful and beautiful. Its economy is pretty stable at the moment and the country itself is safe. It has many beautiful tourist destinations and you’ll surely enjoy the company of the wonderful Hungarian people!